ISIS lost vast territory and thousands of fighters in Iraq, Libya, and Syria. This is welcome news, but, as ISIS’ grip on territory loosens, the perhaps more difficult task of establishing a new political order begins. In recent years we have learned to our cost that counter-terrorism without stabilisation simply does not work. Without a sustained international effort to address the political and economic grievances that gave rise to ISIS a new wave of extremism and conflict will surely follow.
Ellie Geranmayeh, Senior Policy Fellow, European Council on Foreign Relations
Hayder al-Khoei, Visiting Fellow, European Council on Foreign Relations
Mattia Toaldo, Senior Policy Fellow, European Council on Foreign Relations