Among the many crises now facing the new Trump administration, Libya poses a growing challenge. The shattered Mediterranean state is close to open civil war, which could have profoundly negative consequences for U.S. interests and allies. Although the Islamic State (ISIS) was driven from its main areas of control in Libya last year and oil production has rebounded to a three-year high, Libya is more polarized and fragmented than ever.

Frederic Wehrey, Senior Fellow Middle East Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Wolfram Lacher, Middle East and Africa Associate, German Institute for International and Security Affairs

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